CAMEROON FACTS AND FACTOIDS (from the CIA World Factbook)
French Cameroon became independent in 1960 as the Republic of Cameroon. The following year the southern portion of neighboring British Cameroon voted to merge with the new country to form the Federal Republic of Cameroon. In 1972, a new constitution replaced the federation with a unitary state, the United Republic of Cameroon. The country has generally enjoyed stability, which has permitted the development of agriculture, roads, and railways, as well as a petroleum industry. Despite slow movement toward democratic reform, political power remains firmly in the hands of President Paul BIYA.
Western Africa, bordering the Bight of Biafra, between Equatorial Guinea and Nigeria.
6 00 N, 12 00 E
total: 475,440 sq km
Area – comparative:
slightly larger than California
total: 4,591 km
territorial sea: 12 nm
varies with terrain, from tropical along coast to semiarid and hot in north.
diverse, with coastal plain in southwest, dissected plateau in center, mountains in west, plains in north.
lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
petroleum, bauxite, iron ore, timber, hydropower
arable land: 12.54%
volcanic activity with periodic releases of poisonous gases from Lake Nyos and Lake Monoun volcanoes.
Environment – current issues:
waterborne diseases are prevalent; deforestation; overgrazing; desertification; poaching; overfishing.
People and Society:
Cameroon Highlanders 31%, Equatorial Bantu 19%, Kirdi 11%, Fulani 10%, Northwestern Bantu 8%, Eastern Nigritic 7%, other African 13%, non-African less than 1%.
24 major African language groups, English (official), French (official).
indigenous beliefs 40%, Christian 40%, Muslim 20%.
19,711,291 (July 2011 est.).
0-14 years: 40.5% (male 4,027,381/female 3,956,219)
urban population: 58% of total population (2010)
Major cities – population:
Douala 2.053 million; YAOUNDE (capital) 1.739 million (2009)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
Government – country name:
conventional long form: Republic of Cameroon
republic; multiparty presidential regime
10 regions (regions, singular – region); Adamaoua, Centre, Est, Extreme-Nord, Littoral, Nord, North-West (Nord-Ouest), Ouest, Sud, South-West (Sud-Ouest).
1 January 1960 (from French-administered UN trusteeship).
mixed legal system of English common law, French civil law, and customary law.